Gordon Harveys Elements Of The Academic Essay
Don’t muddy the meaning of your argument by using confusing language. If you find yourself writing a sentence over 25 words long, try to divide it into two or three separate sentences for improved readability. In academia, by contrast, all the forces are pushing things the other way, toward insularity.
If so, make sure you know if you have the option of writing about different angles of the topic. If the topic is not preset, choose a topic in which you will be happy to immerse yourself. The people to whom a piece of communication is directed.
Of course, only change the text if you are using a format that will allow the author to have copies of both his or her original text and your changed version. If you are working with a hard copy, make your notes in the margins. Make sure to explain your ideas clearly and specifically, so they will be most helpful. Do not, for example, note only that a sentence is in the wrong place.
The savings made by not having to employ so many teachers should be reflected in cheaper course fees. The second benefit is convenience; instead of having to attend classes at fixed times and places, students are free to study when they choose and progress at their own pace. Furthermore, by studying from home there is no need to travel to the college or university, saving both time and money. A student living in a small town in China, for example, can now study a course at an American college without the worry of travelling, accommodation, or homesickness.
Consider, especially, what sort of misconceptions you have discovered as you compare your expectations with reality. Despite the seeming discrepancy between what high school and college teachers think constitutes good college writing, there is an overall consensus about what is “higher” about higher education. The tutors at the Kendall Campus Academic Support Lab are here to help students improve their writing skills. For students without an appointment, tutoring services are offered on a “first-come, first-serve” basis. Tutors do not proofread or edit papers, but rather show students how to identify and correct mistakes.
Allow each person ample time to complete his or her part. A type of communication determined by its function with formal characteristics and conventions developed over time. Planning the basics for your essay ahead of time will help assure proper organization for both the process and the product.
Discussion and debate are mainstays of a college education. Sharing and debating ideas with instructors and other students allows all involved to learn from each other and grow. You often enter into a discussion with your opinions and exit with a widened viewpoint. Although you can read an assignment and generate your understandings and opinions without speaking to another person, you would be limiting yourself by those actions. Instead it is in your best interest to share your opinions and listen to or read others’ opinions on a steady, ongoing basis.
Conciseness, which can initially seem contradictory to the use of formal language. Try using a series of questions about the topic, using startling or unusual facts or figures, defining an important, subject-related term or quoting a well-known expert on your topic or a literary work. I remember one person in particular who was significant to me. Dr. Smith, my high school English teacher, helped my family and me through a difficult time during my junior year. We appreciated her care, kindness, and financial help after the loss of our home in a devastating fire. When using any of the three points of view, maintaining consistency is vital.
But, because it’s intended for a very small audience of hyper-knowledgable, mutually acquainted specialists, it’s actually among the most personal writing there is. If journalists sound friendly, that’s because they’re writing for strangers. Having an excellent command of written English comes from reading and from writing.
When you want your readers to focus on the « doer » of an action, you can make the « doer »‘ the subject of the sentence and use the active form of the verb. When you want readers to focus on the person, place, or thing affected by the action, or the action itself, you can make the effect or the action the subject of the sentence by using the passive form of the verb. A useful approach for evaluating the quality of your academic writing is to consider the following issues from the perspective of the reader.
Given the relatively specialist nature of academic writing, it can seem daunting when you first begin. You can develop your academic writing by paying attention tofeedback from tutors or peers and seeking specific areas to improve. Another way to develop your academic writing is to read more.
If you take the role of student when you are in an advanced course in your major, you will choose to report information or you will stitch your paper together referring to others’ work. When you do that, the professor thinks you do not have a focus or thesis. When you do not have a thesis, you lose an entire grade. The role of student is for first-year students and sophomores, not for advanced students. You must see yourself discussing ideas with someone who is an expert.
This type of writing is mostly presented as an academic essay. The purpose of submitting this type of paper is to convince the reader about a certain point. As well as in the analytical writing, in the persuasive writing student has a chance to provide the reader with their own thoughts.
In its simplest form, academic writing includes an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The introduction provides background information, lays out the scope and direction of the essay, and states the thesis. The body paragraphs support the thesis statement, with each body paragraph elaborating on one supporting point. The conclusion refers back to the thesis, summarizes the main points, and highlights the implications of the paper’s findings. Each sentence and paragraph logically connects to the next in order to present a clear argument.
You should, therefore, state the strengths of your arguments confidently, using language that is neutral, not confrontational or dismissive. If you try to research your topic while you write, you’ll likely end up with writing that lacks focus and organization. Think of research as a separate step, and give yourself time to gather research from a wide variety of sources. When you get ready to write, you’ll be able to pick and choose the best information to use. Human nature seems to naturally repel suggestions of change from others.