What Are Major, Minor And Exotic Currency Pairs?

And later, I’ll uncover the pairs that are affected by changing commodity prices as well as a few of the safe haven currencies. Alright, so we’ve breezed through major currencies several terms and concepts when it comes to trading Forex currency pairs. If on the other hand, the US dollar were to strengthen, the EURUSD would fall.

How many minor pairs are there?

To be more specific about forex majors and minors, we have also listed 7 major pairs, 24 minor pairs, and some popular exotic currency pairs, which are traded most frequently.

The exchange rate of the currencies of these countries are tied to their respective export activities. This is because the strength of the economy can be highly dependent on the prices of their natural resources. In forex, it’s based on the number of active traders buying and selling a specific currency pair and the volume being traded. An exchange rate is the relative price of two currencies from two different countries.

Forex Major Pairs, Currency Pair Characteristics

People also refer to the currencies we trade with the most as the majors. The majors make up approximately 85% of the foreign exchange market, and therefore exhibit very high market liquidity. The major currencies are those in which most of the world’s foreign transactions are denominated. They are also the currencies that countries most commonly value their own currency against.

At CMC Markets, we offer both spread betting​ and CFD trading​ opportunities for over 300 forex pairs, including all major crosses. Please note that spread bets are only available for clients based in the UK and Ireland. Below is a list of five of the most traded currency pairs in the world, which is organised according to current economic data, spreads and margin rates from major currencies our platform. Most of the international transactions between countries and companies are conducted in dollars. It also remains the dominant reserve currency for central banks and many institutional funds worldwide. As financial markets continue to evolve and grow globally, foreign exchange and currencies will play an increasingly large role in day-to-day transactions.

Interest Rates:

These were my go-to currency pairs back then, and many still are today with a particular emphasis on the AUDUSD and the NZDUSD. Remember that if the quote currency experiences heavy appreciation, the pair is likely to move lower over time. The US dollar often enjoys the same “safety net” status, however, when matched up against a more formidable safe haven, the currency tends to move lower during times of economic unrest.

Headquartered in Frankfurt, Germany, the European Central Bank is the central bank of the 19 member countries of the eurozone. In a similar fashion to the FOMC, the ECB has a main body responsible for making monetary policy decisions, the Executive Board, which is composed of four members plus a president inverted hammer and vice-president. Created in 1913 by the Federal Reserve Act, the Federal Reserve System—also called the Fed—is the central banking body of the U.S. The system is itself headed by a chair and board of governors, with most of the focus being placed on the branch known as theFederal Open Market Committee.

A Dollar Cycle Like No Other

The value of one pip of movement is always different between currency pairs because there are differences between the exchange rates of different currencies, and the currency your trading account is funded in. Professional forex traders tend to be rather colorful individuals, and they often refer to the major currencies and currency pairs by their traditional nicknames. Novice traders should be prepared to understand this important forex market jargon before speaking to a dealer or market maker working at a financial institution. The foreign exchange market is the largest and most liquid market in the world. It offers exchanges between any two nation’s currencies and includes major, minor and exotic currencies.

Why is British pound so high?

Some of the UK’s top exports include various machinery, cars, precious metals and minerals, pharmaceuticals, and more. The demands for these products are constantly high, and so the pound is always on an incline. With Britain’s inflation rate lower than many countries, its purchasing power is therefore higher.

The material has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research. Although we are not specifically prevented from dealing before providing this material, we do not seek to take advantage of the material prior to its dissemination. Keep up to date with our news and analysis section of the website, which can provide insight and predictions into future movements in the forex market. It’s useful to get a better understanding of currency correlations and gain an insight into the relationship between currency pairs. Considering whether they are negatively or positively correlated, or if they are likely to move in the same direction, opposite directions, or completely randomly could be useful. Spread bets and CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage.


The largest, the UK-based ICAP Plc, is very active in both voice and electronic markets, averaging over $1.5 trillion daily in all of its brokering services. If you are traveling to a foreign country, sooner or later you have to exchange your money into local currency. At the time of writing and the current exchange rate, the banknote is worth 991 US dollars.

We will review the characteristics and traits of all 28 pairs along with a comparison of these characteristics. Charcteristics like volatility, spreads and when these pairs drivers fx move, etc. will be investigated. The price of the AUD/USD (Australian dollar / US dollar) pair, is strongly influenced by mining products, cattle breeding, wool, and wheat.

Free Daily Setups:

Look at the spreads on this sampling of 10 out of the all 28 pairs we trade with the Forexearlywarning trading system. The spreads on the forex major pairs and all 28 pairs we trade are acceptable for daily trading and are only somewhat high on one or two pairs. The spreads you see below are from a major broker for an ECN, direct access brokerage platform. This causes price movement in the major pairs like the AUD/USD, but strong movement in other non major pairs as well. Some of these pairs are completely ignored by almost all traders but this turns into a huge opportunity once you understand how the market works.

Sure, I understood the very basics of currency pairs before I opened a live trading account, but I certainly didn’t know as much as I should have. You would never buy a house without understanding the mortgage, right? profit calculator forex Yet when it comes to the Forex market, many traders forget to familiarize themselves with the currency pairs they’re buying and selling. the EUR and USD are the two most commonly traded currencies on the forex market.

The New Zealand Dollar

This separation makes it easy to determine how one currency pair correlates to another and if you’re approach makes sense from a risk to reward perspective. During times of economic uncertainty or struggle, investors tend to favor the US dollar. So even though the Aussie was riding the gold wave at the time (which wasn’t very impressive as you’ll see below), the US dollar was strengthening at a faster pace. Of course, you could make the same case about any position, but with dozens of other currency pairs at your disposal, you certainly have to weigh the opportunity cost associated with trading a less liquid market. Last but certainly not least is the opportunity cost associated with trading exotic currency pairs.

In direct quotation, the cost of one unit of foreign currency is given in units of local or home currency. In indirect quotations the cost of one unit of local or home currency is given in units of foreign currency. In CCPView we select MM Futures in the six major derivative currencies plus BRL and CHF. Below you will find a list of money in use for each country around the world, as well as the corresponding three-character alphabetic, and the three-digit numeric ISO 4217 code for each currency.

From the 8th century to the early 19th century the pound was backed by silver in some capacity. This lasted until 1914 when the United Kingdom ichimoku suspended the gold standard due to wartime necessities. As the USD became increasingly more popular post World War I, the pound suffered.

But before you rush off to add this basket of currencies to your trading platform, there are a few things you should know. While the table above is fairly comprehensive, it is by no means a complete listing of every exotic currency in the world. However, it does cover some of the most popular of the less popular exotics. A lot of folks make the mistake of thinking that a minor to be any pair that doesn’t include the US dollar.

The Rise Of Gold

Both currencies are also heavily dependent on commodity prices, with Australia being a major exporter of iron ore and New Zealand a major producer of dairy products. The currency is often referred to as the loonie, because of the image of major currencies a loon on the one-dollar coin. The Canadian dollar is the official currency in Canada, often abbreviated with C$ to distinguish it from the US dollar. Given its importance for Europe, the euro is also often called the single currency.